The horse is, without doubt, among the most important animals of the evolution of humans. The fact that veterinary medicine was developed almost entirely to treat the ailments of horses is proof of their significance. We have a lot of knowledge about the diseases of horses, but you’ll have to visit an expert in veterinary medicine to get them treated.
The owners of horses must be aware of common health issues for horses to ensure their horses’ well-being. Inability to gain a basic knowledge of equine ailments and their causes could cause the death of your horse.
This is not good for the animal. It also makes it hard for you to spend time together with horses. Horses are susceptible to many illnesses; however, they can be prevented with vaccinations and proper treatment.
Horses are immune-compliant. However, they can get sick just like other animals. These are a few of the most common horse illnesses that horse owners must be aware of, but this isn’t an exhaustive list. Additional criteria and circumstances must also be taken into consideration.
1. Equine Colic
Colic isn’t a disease only found in horses, but it is among these species’ most common and potentially fatal. But, it’s wrong to describe colic as a separate condition. It is an array of conditions that can cause abdominal pain and spasms in horses.
The most important thing to do when your horse suffers from colic is to bring your horse to a veterinarian. They will perform the required tests to determine the root cause and begin the correct treatment. If a blockage is the cause of the condition and an excessive fermentation of the substance ingested, the need for antibiotics could be necessary. Contact a veterinarian to get more details on an equine vet.
2. Horse Tetanus
The bacteria are anaerobic, which means they can survive without oxygen. It is found in soil, especially organic soil (such as manure). Different types of trauma can cause tiny abrasions or wounds to horses.
If the toxins are discovered before they affect the respiratory muscles, the disease can be treated by using tetanus antitoxin and penicillin. Counseling for support will be provided in addition.
It is possible to prevent it by receiving the proper vaccinations according to the doctor’s suggested intervals. The doctor will need to apply hydrogen peroxide to kill the bacteria that caused the harm. This is particularly true for the body parts that contact the earth.
3. Equine Influenza (Or Horse Flu)
The virus that causes equine flu and the human flu is a threat to your upper respiratory tract. If there are any issues in the respiratory system, the lower one could be affected, possibly leading to the death of a person. Nasal secretions and sneezing are utilized to spread the virus through the air.
The vet may prescribe a mucolytic for thinning the mucus if the animal is not fully immunized and displays an average presentation. The horse must be kept away from any other animal for a couple of days. A healthy diet that strengthens horses’ immune systems can aid in fighting the virus until they can combat it.
A vaccination every year is necessary to safeguard horses from this common disease and is particularly important during winter. A vaccine for horses that guards against both equine tetanus and influenza is readily available. Click this link for more information.
4. Equine Babesiosis or Piroplasmosis
The most common diseases in horses can also be present in cows, dogs, and other domestic animals. Among the most prevalent types of equine parasites, Ticks are the most common cause of Babesia. The disease symptoms result from an increase in the horse’s red blood cells.
The most effective method of avoiding this illness is to keep your horse from being bitten by ticks. Permethrin products are applied to the horse at least once every week to stop ticks from attracting them. The horse’s living space (box or the stable) is essential every week. Visit this website for more details.