Who Can Perform Advanced Veterinary Internal Procedures?

When it comes to the health of our furry friends, veterinary medicine plays a crucial role. Just like human medicine, veterinary medicine has its specialists, and some of these experts are perfectly equipped to carry out advanced internal procedures that can be life-saving for your pets.

Let’s dig into the qualifications and skills required for these specialized veterinarians and understand which hands we’re entrusting our pets’ lives to when complex health issues arise.

Veterinary Internal Medicine

When your pet needs more than the regular check-ups and vaccinations, it’s time to consult an expert internal medicine vet for dogs. These are the vets who have gone beyond standard veterinary training. They’ve dedicated years to focusing on the internal systems of animals—such as the gastrointestinal, respiratory, and endocrine systems—gaining deep knowledge and experience in diagnosing and treating complex internal health issues.

Now, what does it take for someone to be capable of performing these advanced veterinary procedures? Let’s look at their journey from vet school to specialization.

Education and Certification

The first step for a veterinarian is to obtain a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) degree. This involves intense coursework and practical experience on a wide variety of animals. After completing their DVM degree, vets must pass a licensing exam to practice veterinary medicine.

However, to specialize, these vets will undergo further education in a residency program that focuses on a specific area of veterinary medicine, such as internal medicine. This is usually a three-to-four-year program with rigorous training under seasoned specialists.

Board Certification

After their residency, a vet looking to specialize in internal medicine will then have to achieve board certification. This involves passing a comprehensive exam administered by a veterinary specialty board, such as the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM). Only after this can they be considered specialists in veterinary internal medicine and carry out advanced internal procedures.

Types of Advanced Veterinary Internal Procedures

What are these advanced procedures we’re talking about, and what kind of specialists are performing them? Here are just a few examples:

  • Endoscopy: This procedure involves inserting a flexible tube with a camera into the body to examine internal organs and other parts. A specialist in internal medicine or surgery often performs this.

  • Advanced Imaging: Procedures like MRI and CT scans are used to diagnose conditions that aren’t apparent through regular exams. These are performed by vets with specialized training in diagnostic imaging.

  • Cardiac Procedures: Procedures such as catheterization or pacemaker implantation are performed by veterinary cardiologists.

Different specialists will handle these procedures based on the affected organ system and the complexity of the treatment needed.

Licensing and Regulations

Aside from the qualifications above, vets are bound by state laws and regulations that govern the practice of veterinary medicine. These laws ensure that only those with the proper education, training, and ethical standing are allowed to carry out veterinary procedures, especially the more advanced ones.

Dog and Cat Vet Checkup

Routine check-ups are the bread and butter of veterinary care. It’s these regular visits that often catch health issues before they become serious. When you bring your dog in for a dog vet check up by experienced professionals, you can expect a thorough assessment that includes a physical examination, dental evaluation, and any necessary vaccinations or parasite control.

Cats are not spared from these meticulous examinations either. Their check-ups are equally important to identify early signs of illness. Often, cats are adept at hiding discomfort, which makes these expert check-ups crucial.

What to Expect at a Vet Check-Up

Here’s a quick run-through of what a typical dog or cat vet check-up might involve:

  • A complete physical examination from nose to tail.

  • Evaluation of the pet’s history and any behavioral changes.

  • Recommended blood tests to check for underlying issues.

  • Updating necessary vaccinations.

All these steps are essential for maintaining your pet’s health and catching any signs of illness early on.

Pet Vaccinations

Let’s talk about vaccinations for a second. They’re a fundamental part of preventive veterinary medicine and go a long way in ensuring our pets live long and healthy lives. Particularly, cat vaccinations for healthy life are paramount since they protect against deadly diseases like feline leukemia, rabies, and feline distemper.

Dog vaccinations are no less critical, safeguarding them against diseases like parvovirus, rabies, and distemper. It’s key to follow the vaccination schedule recommended by your vet, as it can differ based on your pet’s age, health, lifestyle, and the area you live in.

Vaccination Schedules

Your vet will provide you with a customized vaccination schedule. Here’s a typical outline:

  • Initial puppy or kitten vaccinations usually start at around 6-8 weeks of age.

  • Follow-up booster shots are given at three- to four-week intervals until the pet is about 16-20 weeks old.

  • After the first year, pets typically move to an annual or triennial vaccination schedule based on the vaccine and the pet’s needs.

Importantly, these vaccinations are not just about keeping your pet healthy—they also protect the human family members by curbing the spread of zoonotic diseases.

Health is Wealth

Just like with humans, early detection and prevention in pets can often mean the difference between a simple treatment and a complicated health battle. Annual vet check-ups and vaccinations are your best bet in keeping your pet as healthy as possible.

And when more serious health concerns do come up, it’s comforting to know there’s a well-trained and regulated system of specialists ready to help. From an ECG by a veterinary cardiologist to an ultrasound by an internal medicine specialist, our pets can get the care they need to tackle almost any health challenge.


In summary, advanced veterinary internal procedures are carried out by highly trained and licensed professionals who have spent years perfecting their craft. Whether it’s an expert internal medicine vet for dogs, the dedicated professionals behind your dog vet check-up by experienced professionals or the vigilant providers of cat vaccinations for a healthy life, these skilled individuals are equipped with the knowledge and tools to ensure our pets’ health and happiness.